26 March 2009

Dr. Jose Rizal Travels In Europe (Rizal in Austria)

Rizal in Austria

  • Danube

The Schoenbuehel Castle rises high above the Danube.

The old, gothic Cathedral of St. Mary.

The main town plaza of Linz on the Danube.

The Benedictine Monastery overlooking the town of Melk on the Danube.

General view of the historic town of Linz.

Close-up view of the Benedictine Monastery directly facing the Danube river.
  • Vienna(20-24th May 1887)

Beautiful Austrian capital city whose best buidlings were located in the majority on a beautiful street called Ring (in the form of a ring). In accordance with the suggestions of Dr. Willkomm and Baedeker we found it necessary to spend four days in the tour of its grand and artistic buildings as well as in the analytical examination of the sacred ornaments and images of saints exhibited in a timely exposition held at that capital. Some of the images exhibited had more ancient or historical value than artistic. One of the exhibits was a wooden crucifix, natural size, at whose back was a large hole through which could pass a watermelon of ordinary size. As Rizal had a well-developed and cultivated artistic sense I asked his opinion on this object. According to him, in its day, the crucifix was made to talk, replying to sermons delivered by the preacher from the pulpit the better to convince the audience.
In one of our tours of that city, he encountered the figure of a temptress in the form of a Viennese woman, of the family fo the Camellias or Margarite, of extraordinary beauty and iresistible attraction, who seemingly had been expressly invited to offer for a moment the cup of mundane pleasure to the apostle of Philippine freedom who until then had enjoyed among his intimates the fame worthy of his glorious namesake St. Joseph.
With the exception of this case I knew of no other slip of Rizal during more than six months of our living together.

Emperor Franz Joseph I and Crown Prince Charles Franz Joseph, heir to the Austrian throne.

Emperor Franz Joseph I was born in 1830 and ruled Austria from 1848 to 1916.

Emperor Napoleon I was related to the Habsburg Monarchy.

Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany and Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.

Front view of the Schoenbrunn Palace.

Hotel Metropole, where Rizal stayed during his visit to Vienna on May 20-24, 1887. The hotel was totally destroyed during the Second World War and has never been rebuilt.

Monument of Empress Maria Theresa, who ruled Austria from 1740 to 1780.

Old view of the Hotel Metropole.

The Opera House directly facing the Opernring (a wide boulevard surrounding the main center of Vienna).

Panoramic view of Vienna with the Theater Palace.

Schoenbrunn_8View of the Schoenbrunn Palace from the park

The Burgtheater (Palace Theater), was built on the Ringstrasse in 1888.

The front facade of the Museum of Fine Arts.

The Heldenplatz (Heroes’ Plaza).

View on the Gloriette of the Schoebrunn Palace.

View of the Schoenbrunn Palace from one of the fountains.

The University of Vienna was constructed for a period of ten years, from 1873 to 1883.

The Stephen’s Cathedral.

The Schoenbrunn Palace, situated on a big park, served as the summer residence of Austrian Emperors.

The Rathaus.City Hall.

The Parliament.

The Opernring as seen during the time of Rizal’s visit to Vienna.

The Neue Hofburg (New Palace), was the former residence of Austrian Emperors. Part of it is now a museum.

The Kuntshistorisches Museum (Museum of Fine Arts),

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